Policy Briefs on Lava Jato


Lava Jato or Operation Car Wash refers to Latin America’s largest known corruption scheme in living memory. Related events began unfolding in Brazil in March of 2014. Construction companies were colluding with employees of Brazil’s state-owned oil company to win public works contracts. The oil company’s employees took bribes, while politicians obtained kickbacks as personal gifts or campaign donations.  

The relevant scholarship had warned that corruption could result in public works being constructed at inflated costs. However, such warnings were ignored, and so the people involved in the scheme managed to steal billions in state funds. Prosecutors further revealed that bribes paid by the region’s largest construction group extended to eleven other countries besides Brazil.  

In spite of the continued interest among policy practitioners and academics, there are key questions about Lava Jato that remain unanswered. For instance, how did the construction company that led the corruption scheme choose the countries in which to do business? According to the international press, the scheme played a role in the 2014 World Cup, but was corruption also at work in the planning and execution of the 2016 Rio Olympics? Also, what is motivating some of the key actors fighting corruption in Brazil, and what can be done to avoid similar corruption scandals in the future?  

To answer these and related questions, the Center on Global Economic Governance (CGEG) at Columbia University’s School of International & Public Affairs has collected a series of policy briefs on Lava Jato-related themes. This project is proudly cosponsored by the Center for Development Economics and Policy (CDEP), Columbia Global Center in Rio, and the Latin America Initiative at Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy with the goal of shedding light on a complex problem that has affected the lives of millions.


Policy Brief No. 1 - Backgrounder on Lava Jato

Paul Lagunes, October 2018

Policy Brief No. 2 - Lava Jato in Perspective: An Interview with Albert Fishlow

Conducted by Paul Lagunes, October 2018

Policy Brief No. 3 - Urban Planning Legacies and Public Corruption: Evidence from the Rio Olympic Games and Lava Jato

Márcia R.G. Sanzovo and Karla Y. Ganley, October 2018

Policy Brief No. 4 - Competing to be Corrupt: The Multinational Dynamics of Public Procurement Bribery

Connor Wahrman, November 2018

Policy Brief No. 5 - Sunlight is the Best Disinfectant: Investigative Journalism in the Age of Lava Jato

Beatriz Bulla and Cortney Newell, November 2018

Policy Brief No. 6 - Lava Jato in Perspective: An Interview with Deltan Dallagnol

Conducted by Paul Lagunes, November 2018

Policy Brief No. 7 - The Lava Jato Corruption Scandal: Comparing the Responses of Peru and Mexico

Raquel de Mattos Pimenta and Catherine Greene, December 2018

Policy Brief No. 8 - Lava Jato in Perspective: An Interview with Sergio Moro

Conducted by Paul Lagunes

Policy Brief No. 10 - Lava Jato and the Brazilian Web of Accountability Institutions: A Turning Point for Corruption Control?

Ana Luiza Aranha

Policy Brief No. 11 - Captured Media? Examining Brazilian Coverage of Lava Jato

Daniela Campello, Anya Schiffrin, Karine Belarmino and Debora Thome


The views expressed in Policy Briefs are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Center on Global Economic Governance, Columbia University, or the project's cosponsors.